The League filed a brief in the historic partisan gerrymandering case, Gill v. Whitford, which will be heard by the U.S. Supreme Court on October 3rd. The brief argues that partisan gerrymandering violates the First Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution and points out that traditional redistricting principles – such as compactness, contiguity, and respect for political subdivisions – have no constitutional foundation. Deferring to such traditional principles would put the focus on form over substance and thus would allow intentional and extreme political gerrymanders as long as the map's appearance seemed “normal.”